TYPES OF BETTA FISH – If you have a freshwater aquarium in your home, you may well be considering adding Betta fish into the mix. After all, these wonderful fish always add a splash of color to any tank, lending an air of beauty that few others can deliver.
As far as freshwater fish go, there are few that come with the colors and patterns of the beta. It is this that makes them the talking point of any aquarium.
To help you decide which one to choose, let’s look at the most common types of Betta fish.
- Patterns and Tail Types of Betta Fish
- 1. Plakat Betta Fish
- 2. Crowntail Betta Fish
- 3. Half Moon Betta Fish
- 4. Double Tail Betta Fish
- 5. Combtail Betta Fish
- 6. Rosetail Betta Fish
- 7. Veiltail Betta Fish
- 8. Delta Tail Betta Fish
- 9. Super Delta Betta Fish
- 10. Spade Tail
- 11. Round Tail or Fantail
- 12. Feather Tail Fish
- 13. Comb Tail or Halfsun Betta
- 14. Giant Betta Fish
- 15. The list of Betta’s goes on and on
- Distinct Colors and Tail Patterns
- Solid Colors
Patterns and Tail Types of Betta Fish
Betta fish come in a variety of tail types, patterns, and breeds, to the point where listing them all may be impossible. We have put together as comprehensive a list as possible.
1. Plakat Betta Fish
If you are familiar with the standard fighting Betta, you may already know what the Plakat variety looks like. The Plakat Betta has a short tail, but this should not lead you to think that they are all female.
The tail itself can have different look, with rounded, spiky, and elongated rays some of the more common tail types. When you breed the Plakat Betta with other types of fish, you can end up with a stunning variety of colors.
2. Crowntail Betta Fish
Given the name of this Betta, it’s no real surprise to learn that the tail is what stands out. It’s long spiky tail makes it a very common choice among fish lovers, but what you may not know is that Crowntails come in 3 specific types: single ray, double ray, and crossed ray.
It is the later of the three tat is the most stunning, but also the toughest to look after. If you have aggressive fish in your tank, do not add a Crowntail Betta, as the other fish will attack it. They are much better suited to a smaller tank on their own, as this will help curb their aggressive nature.
Whichever type of tank you choose, you must make sure that the water is always clean, otherwise the Betta’s tail can become diseased and damaged.
3. Half Moon Betta Fish
The tail on the Half Moon Beta spreads 180 degrees, but needs to be in the shape of the letter ”D” in order for it to fall under this type.
This is another Betta that does much better on its own or with non-aggressive fish. If you are considering breeding Bettas, the Half Tail is probably not a good choice, simply because the large tail on the females makes it tough for the male to do its thing.
4. Double Tail Betta Fish
It is a genetic mutation that is responsible for the look of the Double Tail Betta. While this mutation gives them a look that is unique and interesting, you are going to find that they are shorter than other Betta types, and that they are also prone to swim bladder diseases.
Many of the baby versions of the Double Tail Betta die at birth, so running across them is actually quite rare. If you do manage to get your hands on one, it is not recommended that you try to breed them with other Betta’s.
5. Combtail Betta Fish
The Combtail Betta usually comes around when a Crowntail is bred with another type of Betta. The tail is similar in shape to that of a Crowntail, although the fins tend to be longer and thinner. The Crowntail is easy to breed, with very nice results.
6. Rosetail Betta Fish
It takes very careful breeding to get a Rosetail Betta, which looks quite like a Hal Moon Betta, albeit with bigger, ruffed edge fins. These fish look great, but breeding them can be tough. It is a genetic mutation that creates their special tails, but that mutation can also mean that the fish is prone to disease.
7. Veiltail Betta Fish
Perhaps the most common breed, the Veil Tail Betta gets its name from the way in which their tails arch up and down, much like the movement of a veil. You should have no problem finding this particular Betta type in your local pet shop.
8. Delta Tail Betta Fish
We mentioned earlier that the tail must reach 180 degrees in order for a Betta to be a Half Moon type. When the tail does not do that, you have a Delta Tail Betta.
9. Super Delta Betta Fish
This type is the next step up from the Delta Tail, as it comes with a caudal fin that generally reaches between 120 and 160 degrees.
10. Spade Tail
These are rather rare and hard to find now. Their names come from the fact that the tail has a wide base that narrows down to a small point, much like the head of a spade.
11. Round Tail or Fantail
This type of Betta is recognizable by its single, round-edged tail. It can be easy to mistake this type for the Half Moon, but the lack of the “D” shape tells the difference.
12. Feather Tail Fish
Very similar in style to the Rose Tail, with the main difference being that the Feather Tail has more of a ruffled look.
13. Comb Tail or Halfsun Betta
This Betta variety usually comes from the cross breeding of a Veil Tale and Crowntail. The tail on this variety is pointed, but not quite as spiky as that of the Crowntail.
14. Giant Betta Fish
The Giant Betta doesn’t actually fall under a tail type, but it still deserves to be on this list. These fish were first bred back in 1999 after a pair of large Betta’s were discovered and bred together. It took several breeding efforts through the following generations to create the line that we know today.
The Giant Betta’s fall into the same types as those listed above, although they are obviously larger than the standard fish. The giant version of the Half Moon Betta is probably the least common of the bunch, simply because these fish have difficulty carrying the extra weight of their fins.
15. The list of Betta’s goes on and on
Cross breeding has been going on for years now, which means there are plenty more Betta types that we haven’t covered here. Part of the fun of owning these fish is breeding different types so that you get unique colors and tail types. Let’s now take a closer look at those potential color options.
Distinct Colors and Tail Patterns
Betta’s tend to come in solid colors, with the same hue running from the head all the way down to their tails. You will find them in a variety of different colors, such as the following.
Other than blue, this is the most common color of Betta, and is the one that is particularly prevalent when breeding. If you are looking for a really bold shade, then look for the extended red color.
This is another color that is common, especially when used as the dominant breeding color. You will find Betta’s in 3 specific shades of blue, with the royal blue fish almost seeming to have some purple tints to them.
As the name suggests, there is no dominant color here, with cellophane Betta’s adopting a fleshy color with transparent fins.
It’s very hard to come across a true white opaque Betta, as most of them have some sort of impurity, such as red wash or a black outline.
This is another color that comes in varying hues, from a light gold to a very reddish-copper, with some even taking on a purple tinge. These colors look best when exposed to bright light.
All told, there are three different shades of black Betta: melano, black lace, and super black. If you have a melano female, you are not going to be able to breed them due to the fact that they are infertile. They do produce eggs, but they always fail to hatch.
These Betta’s sport a pair of different solid colors. Their body will be one bright color, while their fins will be entirely different. As you might imagine, the potential color combinations are almost endless.
The Cambodian Betta’s have a body that is flesh colored, while the fins will be either red, blue, or green.
For the most part, the bodies of these Betta’s are dark brown or black with gold or yellowish fins. You will sometimes see them in a dark blue or green body color.
The Betta’s have a solid body color, but have fins that are split into two distinct colors, which are usually symmetrical in nature. Again, there are countless potential combinations.
The popularity of this Betta is very much on the rise. These fish are usually red or blue with a pale base, but their coloring can change from week to week. These changes will continue until the Betta gets older, at which point it will start to slow down.
While the body colors of these fish tend to be a marble or butterfly pattern of a specific color, they always have a face that is flesh colored.
Another very uncommon Betta, and one that comes with a very beautiful look. They will have a grizzle pattern on the fins, while the body will have random iridescent flecks over a pastel or opaque color. The most popular Grizzle Betta’s are those that are half iridescence and half pastel or opaque.
A Pineapple Betta is recognizable by the black etching on its scales.
If a Betta is said to have a mask, it essentially means that it has a face that is the same color as is body. They are usually subtle shade differences on most Betta’s.
This is another pattern that is relatively new to the Betta world. The base color on a dragon betta is usually a very bold hue, with a paler, iridescent color highlighted on the scales, giving them a look that is lizard-like.
This is another Betta type that you don’t see very often. They tend to have a pale orange body that is covered in darker spots.
Quite similar in look to Chocolate Betta’s, the Mustard Gas variety usually have a blue or green body with orange or yellow fins.
These ae the Betta’s whose color schemes do not fit into any of the previously mentioned colors. These fish, which are often called “mutts,” usually have a minimum of 3 different colors, and are readily available in your local pet store.
It’s usually more of a turquoise color as opposed to a true green on these Betta’s.
These Betta’s are very often hybrids of different types, and have a body color that is usually iridescent blue or green. The fins will either have blue rays or be mostly red in color.
YELLOW & PINEAPPLE
These Betta’s will generally carry the much desired red-loss gene, and will also produce fry (Betta babies) that are iridescent green and blue. The colors run the gamut from pale yellow to a shade that is much like butter. The Pineapple variety will have a darker definition around their scales to give them the appearance of being a little dirty.
In poor light, these tangerine colored Betta may appear to be red. This is a color that is not very common.
A pure purple Betta is a bit of a rarity, as the shades seen on this variety are either violet or blue with iridescent copper. You will really only get to see their true color when they are in bright light, otherwise they will appear to be red or blue.